|Known for||Vocalist of Hindustani Classical Music. A musician and instrumentalist who also had a huge influence on music studies|
|Important dates||Birthday: 1493
|Important places||Birthplace: Behat, Gwalior
Place of death: Agra
|Educational qualifications||Tansen learnt and perfected his music in the region around Gwalior in Madhya Pradesh|
|Family||Father: Mukund Pandey/ Makrand Pandey/ Mukund Mishra/ Mukund Ram who was a poet and an accomplished musician. He also served as a priest in a temple in Varanasi.
Children: Tanras Khan, Bilas Khan, Hamirsen, Suratsen and Saraswati Devi
|Teacher||There are several legends around Tansen’s teachers. According to some legends of Hindu version, Hindu bhakti saint, poet and musician Swami Haridas was the most important influence on Tansen. However, in Islamic biographies Sufi Muslim mystic named Muhammad Ghaus is considered to have influenced Tansen in a major fashion.|
|Life||He started showing his musical talent at the ripe age of 6. His talent was recognized also very early. It was the ruler of state of Gwalior who conferred upon him the honorary title of ‘Tansen’.
He spent most of his adult life and career in the court and under the patronage of the Hindu king of Gwalior named Ram Chand. His musical abilities got him widespread fame and followership. In fact, he was a very close confidant of Ram Chand and they used to create music together. The reputation Tansen had earned brought him to the attention of Mughal Emperor Akbar. Akbar sent several messengers to Ram Chand and requested him to send Tansen so that he could join the musicians at the Mughal court. Although, Tansen did not want to leave, Ram Chand encouraged him so that he could gain a wider audience. In 1562, at the age of sixty, Tansen arrived for the first time in Akbar’s court long with gifts from Ram chand. He became a part of Akbar’s Navratnas.
He was a composer, a musician and a vocalist. A large number of compositions popular in northern regions of the India have been attributed to him. He is remembered for his epic Dhrupad compositions. He also created several new ragas and wrote two classic books on music namely Sri Ganesh Stotra & Sangita Sara.
Even today, a national music festival called ‘Tansen Samaroh’ is held in December every year, near his tomb at Behat as a mark of respect to his memory. An award called The Tansen Samman is also given away to exponents in Hindustani Classical music.
|Lesser Known Facts|