Check out Sohan Singh Bhakna biography, profile, birthday, family, wiki and some lesser known facts about his contribution to Indian freedom struggle.
Sohan Singh Bhakna biography
- Name- Sohan Singh Bhakna
- Known for- Contribution to Indian freedom struggle
- Organizations- Ghadar party responsible for Ghadar mutiny, Kisan sabha, Communist party of India
- Important dates
- Birthday- 1870
- Obit day- 1968
- Important places
- Place of birth- Khutrai Khurd, Punjab (British India)
- Obit place- Amritsar, Punjab (India)
- Institutions- NA
- Educational qualifications- NA
- Father- Bhai Karam Singh
- Mother- Ram Kaur
- Siblings- NA
- Spouse- Bishan Kaur
- Children- NA
Lesser known facts
- Sohan singh bhakna spent his childhood at the village ‘Bhakhna’. He received his early education in the village itself. There, he learnt to read & write in Punjabi along with the basics of his faith in Sikkhism.
- His marriage to his wife Bishsan kaur happened at a very early age when he was ten years old.
- When Sohan Singh bhakna finished school at sixteen years of age, he had also become quite proficient in Urdu and Persian as languages as well.
- In Feb 1909, he left for the United States and reached Seattle in April after 2 month journey.
- During 19th century, there was a large amount of immigration to North America. To manage it, Canada’s government put in place a number of laws which were aimed at reducing the number of South Asians and in limiting their political rights.These led to a lot of discontent and protests. At this time, lala hardayal reached north america from Europe and worked on laying the foundation of the Ghadar party.
- Sohan singh bhakna was also the founding president of Ghadar Party. He was one of the leading members involved in the Ghadar Conspiracy. The ultimate goal of ghadar mutiny was to overthrow British government in india through armed revolution. They saw Congress as too soft in terms of its objectives.
- Ghadar party shipped funds and arms from US and South-East Asia to India for the mutiny. This was later termed as the Hindu German Conspiracy which was later called the Ghadar Conspiracy. Sohan singh bhakna got arrested in Calcutta in 1914 and was sent to Ludhiana. He was actually given the death sentence which was later commuted to life imprisonment in Cellular jail. He ended up serving sixteen years in jail before he got released in 1930.
- After his release, he worked closely with the Communist party of India and devoted his time to organize ‘Kisan Sabhas’. In addition, he also worked to get his fellow members in Ghadar mutiny released.
- Sohan singh bhakna was arrested a second time during World War 2 and he remained incarcerated for nearly years.