Nov 4 is the birth anniversary of Vasudev Balwant Phadke, ‘father of Indian armed struggle’. With the help of several communities in Maharastra, he led a sustained armed struggle in Ramoshi to overthrow British Raj. He even won the control of Pune city for a few days when he caught the British soldiers off guard during one of his surprise attacks.
He once had a direct engagement with the British army after which the government offered a bounty for his capture. Phadke, in turn, offered a bounty for the capture of the Governor of Bombay, announced a reward for the killing of each European, and issued other threats to the government.
Bankim Chandra Chatterjee’s novel ‘Anand Math’ included several acts performed by Phadke. As British government did not approve of this, he had to print multiple versions of the book to tone down these stories.