Whenever India’s heritage is being talked about, one of the most prominent things which comes up in our mind is the great architectural history of India which has continued to keep our country’s pride high. India has witnessed stunning art works by various individuals and dynasties. The distinct features of each of these architectural pieces make them different from one another. Temples, along with other structures, occupy an important place in augmenting the cultural heritage of India. Khajuraho Temples are one of the many temples which have continued to grab eyeballs ever since, with strikingly beautiful yet differentiating features of its own.
Located in Madhya Pradesh, the land of antiques, Khajuraho temples depict a genius of human imagination and usage of innovative designs for the display of art through the means of eroticism. Among all the other monuments which showcase various periods of history, Khajuraho has managed to build its own identity by distinguishing itself from all the others and by surviving the attacks of Muslim invaders who practiced intolerance against such structures.
After the fall of the Chandella dynasty, the temple has gone through a lot of problems and destruction which have brought the temple to the condition in which it is now. If one goes on to estimate roughly then only 25 temples have survived through time which are widely scattered around the entire place. After several attacks which took place on these temples, the people who use to live there were forced to leave the place and migrate to some other area. This was the time when the place called Khajuraho was abandoned until it was rediscovered in the accounts by Al Biruni in around AD 1022 along with the works of the traveler Ibn Battuta around AD 1335.
The epic designs which have been carved inside these iconic temples have been inspired by various manifestations of Shiva and Shakti (the male and the female gender respectively). As it is a well known fact, Khajuraho is famous for its erotic designs and especially those of Devi Jagdambi temples which is very closely situated to the Kandariya Mahadeva temple. It is because of this fact that these temples are also commonly known as the Kamasutra temples showing Mithunas in various sexual positions. Along with that, the temples are also well known for the depiction of changes which the human body goes through and several human interactions between people as a whole. Khajuraho Temples can thus be regarded as the living example of art representing love and compassion as an important aspect of human life.
After capturing the interest of many and leaving them awestruck, Khajuraho temples have successfully acquired a place for itself in the UNESCO World Heritage Site List. The magnificence with which the temples were built is clearly visible in the designs and the hard work which was put in. As Chandella rulers of creating monuments during their lifetime, it is tough to ascertain and associate a single ruler with the work done at these temples. The very aim of highlighting the importance and the history behind Khajuraho temples is to bring out the uniqueness of art which has been in India’s treasury for a long time and to make people aware about the fact that India is home to sculptures which adopt eroticism as their main theme. Thus, these temples continue to add on to the value of the rich cultural heritage of India and distinguish our heritage from the rest of the world.