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Jhumar and other popular folk dances of Jharkhand

This state surrounded by Bihar and Chhattisgarh is famous for a lot of things; some include the waterfalls, the temples, heritage sites and the Betla National Park that attracts tourists worldwide. This state has wonderful dance forms enjoyed throughout. Some of the most popular folk dances of Jharkhand are mentioned as under-

Jhumar-most prominent of folk dances of Jharkhand

This dance is performed mainly during the harvest season. The harvest season is usually accompanied with the monsoon season i.e. from August to September. It mainly portrays the happy lives of the tribal folk.

This dance is performed primarily by males. Their svelte gait and the style of dance is definitely a treat for the eye. The dancers move around in circles with the musical instrument drum placed at the centre. The melodious tunes are sung by the dancers during the dance.

Sometimes females also take part in this dance. Apart from the drum, various instruments used are kartal, bansuri, dhol, sangi and so on. When females take part in this dance, Jhumar takes the new name of Janani Jhumar.

Mardana Jhumar, popular folk dances of Jharkhand - Mythical India

Also there’s another form of this dance called as Mardana Jhumar, which has a flavor of martial arts infused in this dance.


Paika dance:

This dance is one of the most popular folk dances of Jharkhand. This dance is performed by males. This dance has a high degree involvement of martial arts.

Historically speaking, Paikas are the groups of soldiers who served to protect the safety of the kingdom and hence the name. This dance is also performed by the folks of Bihar.

Paika, one of popular folk dances of Jharkhand - Mythical India

The dancers wield a sword in one hand and a shield on the other. The tunes from the instruments shahnai, narsingh, dhak accompany the dancers in their chivalrous movements. This dance is highly interesting to watch and present day performances are seen during weddings and festivals.


Chhau dance:

This dance is performed by the tribal folk of Jharkhand as well as Bihar and Chhattisgarh. This dance is performed primarily in open spaced fields especially during night time. This dance is performed during several occasions throughout the year.

This folk dance is performed by both men and women. Sometimes, the open spaced area is decorated with colorful lights and lamps rather than the traditional fires. The dancers adorn colorful clothes and ornaments to symbolically portray the Almighty. This dance form is also called as nrithya natika meaning dance drama.

Chhau dance performed in Jharkhand, West Bengal and Orissa - Mythical India


Phagua dance:

This dance is performed during the festival of Holi. Generally men primarily take part in this dance. However, sometimes women too occasionally join them.

Dancers throw colored water and powders at other dance mates to celebrate the happy and joyous occasion of Holi. Generally the dancers dance to the recital of folk songs called Phag. The dhal or the drum is the musical instrument that yields the tune for the song.

Men dress elegantly in beautiful attires. They sway rhythmically to the tune of the drum spreading smiles all over. This folk dances of Jharkhan is also popular in the state of Bihar.

Phagua dance, one of the popular folk dances of Jharkhand - Mythical India

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