Charminar is a heritage monument of India, located in Hyderabad. It is one of the more recognized structures in the state of Telangana. It is situated at east bank of Musi river with Laad Bazaar in west and Makkah Masjid to south-west.
The monument is believed to have been constructed around the year 1591. The credit for creation of Charminar goes to Muhammad Quli Qutb Shah who was the fifth ruler of the Qutb Shahi dynasty. The reason for creation of this landmark is very interesting. It is believed that charminar was built to commemorate the eradication of plague which was a deadly disease, wide spread at that time. Another reason can also be the commemoration of the beginning of the second Islamic millennium year. Charminar is created in the style of Indo- Islamic architecture. It boasts of several features like a square structure with each side 20 meters, four grand arches, mosque and four minarets which are 56 meters high. It is made of granite, limestone, & pulverised marble. There are 149 winding steps to reach the upper floor.
Charminar history and legend
Features of this heritage building which give it a unique place in Indian architecture include a legend about the a secret tunnel below the monument connecting the Golconda fort to acts as a means of escape for royal family, construction on the intersection of the historical trade route between Golconda & port city of Masulipatnam and a legend about it being constructed on the spot where Qutb shah first saw his lover Bhagmati, who was a beautiful Hindu dancer. In fact, Charminar is believed to have been created at the centre of the city with Hyderabad planned on a grid iron patter. The two main roads of the city run north-south and east-west.Today Charminar is very close to legendary markets like Laad bazaar and Pather Gatti.