Check out Chandrashekhar azad biography, profile, birthday, family, wiki and some lesser known facts about his contribution to Indian freedom struggle
Chandrashekhar azad biography
- Important dates
- Birthday- 23 July 1906
- Obit day- 27 February 1931
- Important places
- Place of birth- Bhavra (British India)
- Obit place- Allahabad (British India)
- Institutions- Kashi Vidyapeeth, Banaras
- Educational qualifications-
- Father- Sitaram Tiwari
- Mother- Jagrani Devi Tiwari
- Siblings- Sukhdev Tiwari
- Spouse- NA
- Children- NA
Lesser known facts
- Chandrashekhar Azad was born with the name Chandrashekhar Tiwari in Bhavra village
- His mother Srimati Jagrani Devi Tiwari was actually the 3rd wife of Shri Sitaram Tiwari. His previous two wives had died very young.
- Chandrashekhar azad had his mother wishing him to be a Sanskrit scholar. She persuaded his father who sent him to Kashi Vidyapeeth in Varanasi for his studies.
- He was only a 15 years old student when he joined the Non-Cooperation Movement. He got arrested during the movement. When he was produced before a magistrate after his arrest, he actually told that his name was ‘Azad’ with his father’s name as ‘Swatantrata’ and his residence ‘Jail’. This courageousness brought a lot of recognition and from that day onwards, his name became ‘Chandra Shekhar Azad’.
- Ram Prasad Bismil, the famed revolutionary and the founder of Hindustan Republican Association (HRA), was extremely impressed by Azad when he consciously put his hand fire and did not remove it from there till his skin burnt. Chandrashekhar azad became became a very active member of the HRA.
- He actually used the forests of Orchha near Jhansi as a location for shooting practice. That is how he became an expert shooter and also trained other revolutionaries of his group. He lived under the name of ‘Pandit Harishankar Brahmachari’ for a long duration.
- Chandrashekhar azad was also a very close associate of Shri Bhagwati Charan Vohra as well. Along with Sardar Bhagat Singh, Rajguru and Sukhdev, he worked on transforming HRA to HSRA (Hindustan Socialist Republican Association). The primary objective of HSRA was to achieve Independence for India.
- Shri Azad finally died in Allahabad at Alfred Park on 27th Feb 1931. He was surrounded by the police after an informer told them about him. Chandrashekhar azad held his own against the police party. He had taken a pledge that he would not be captured alive by the british government. When his ammunition was getting over, he actually shot himself dead with his last bullet.
- In Allahabad, the park where he died has actually been renamed ‘Chandrashekhar Azad Park’.
- The pistol which ‘Azad’ had at the time of his death has been displayed at the Allahabad Museum.