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Captain Gurbachan Singh Salaria biography, family, birthday & more

Check out Captain Gurbachan Singh Salaria biography, birthday, family, wiki and some lesser known facts about his display of immense bravery during a UN peace keeping operation in the Republic of Congo (1961)




  1. Name- Captain Gurbachan Singh Salaria
  2. Known for- Recipient of Param Vir Chakra (Posthumously Awarded)
  3. Contribution- Fought bravely as part of UN Peace Keeping Operations in Congo (1961)
  1. Unit- 3/1 Gorkha Rifles
  2. Rank- Captain
  3. Nickname- Khan saheb

Personal life

  1. Important dates
    • Birth- 29th November, 1935
    • Death- 5th December, 1961
  2. Important places
    • Place of Birth- Janwal, Shankargarh, Pakistan
    • Place of Death- Elizabethville, Katanga, Congo
  3. Education-
    • Schooling-
      1. King George Royal Indian Military College, Bangalore
      2. King George Royal Indian Military College, Chail, Jalandhar
    • Graduation- National Defense Academy
  4. Family
    • Father- Chaudhary Munshi Ram Salaria
    • Mother- Smt. Dhan Devi
    • Siblings- Sukhdev Singh Salaria
    • Wife- NA
    • Children- NA

Lesser known facts

  1. Gurbachan Singh Salaria’s father, Munshi Ram Salaria himself was part of the Dogra Squadron in the British Indian Army and hearing the tales of bravery of the soldiers motivated young Gurbachan to follow the footsteps of his father.
  2. Though, he was born in a village in Pakistan, his family moved to Gurdaspur in Punjab after India’s partition in 1947.
  3. Gurbachan Singh Salaria fancied himself to be a palmist. He visited a palmist in Shimla who told him that he would bring great fame to his family. He took the prediction seriously and often mentioned this during discussions with fellow officers in lighter vein.
  4. In 1960, the Belgians decided to leave Congo and give the reins back to the people. But, following their departure, a civil war broke in Congo which again led to Belgian intervention. Miffed by the Belgians, Congolese government approached United Nations for support. The UN sent a Peace keeping mission to resolve the crisis in the region.
  5. The 3rd Battalion of 1 Gorkha Rifles was tasked to clear a roadblock which was preventing the access to the Elizabethville Airport. It was blocked by two armored enemy vehicles along with 150 men.
  6. The rocket launcher attacks from Salaria’s team left the enemy distraught. Sensing a perfect opportunity in this chaos, Salaria alongside his men attacked the enemy despite being outnumbered with a ratio of 4:25.
  7. His team brought down 40 enemy soldiers which paralyzed their attack and forced them to flee. But, Gurbachan Singh Salaria sustained grievous bullet injuries on his neck.
  8. The Shipping Corporation of India (SCI) under the aegis of Ministry of Shipping named an Oil Tanker on Gurbachan Singh Salaria’s name. The tanker started its operation in 1984 and was phased out after completing 25 years of its operation.


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