Bhagat Singh-The Shaheed-e-azam of India

Bhagat Singh Biography

He was born in a Sandhu Jat family living in Lyallpur district of Punjab province. Some of his family members were already invlolved in freedom movement while some others served in the army of Maharaja Ranjit Singh. He had Arya Samaji influence on him due to his family’s alignment and his education from Dayanand Anglo-Vedic school. He visited Jalliawala Bagh in Amritsar at the age of 12.

An original photograph of the revolutionary Bhagat Singh in a disguised look - Mythical India
An original photograph of the revolutionary in a disguised look

He joined Lahore National college and later founded Naujawan Bharat Sabha in 1926. Later, he joined the dreaded Hindustan Socialist Republican Association (HSRA) and quickly became a prominent member of the outfit. Bhagat alongwith Batukeshwar Dutt murdered British Officer John Saunders to avenge the death of Lala Lajpat Rai. He threw bombs in Central Legislative assembly.

Bhagat Singh in Lahore Jail in his last days - Mythical India
Bhagat Singh in Lahore Jail

Bhagat Singh Death

Singh, Rajguru and Sukhdev were charged in the Lahore conspiracy case and sentenced to death. The execution was ordered to be on 24 March 1931. The schedule was preponed by 11 hours and all three were hanged on 23 March 1931. No magistrate was willing to oversee the hanging, thus it was supervised by an honorary judge.

The death certificate of Bhagat Singh - Mythical India

Shaheed Bhagat Singh

The execution was followed by angry demonstrations by youth across the country. The role of Gandhi was also questioned as many believed that he had the power to stop the execution but he didn’t oblige. Singh became the symbol of youth’s awakening in India and was always revered for his courage and love towards his country. He was also given the status of ‘Shaheed-e-Azam’ or shaheed by the people of India for his ultimate sacrifice.

The Tribune front page with the news of Bhagat Singh's execution alongwith Sukhdev and Rajguru - Mythical India
The Tribune front page with the news of Bhagat Singh’s execution alongwith Sukhdev and Rajguru

Bhagat Singh movies

To this day, Bhagat Singh continues to instill patriotism among the youth. Various governments named roads, educational institutions on his name to remember his legacy. Several movies have been made to portray the life of this legend. The legend of Bhagat Singh, 23rd March 1931: Shaheed, Shaheed and Shaheed-e-Azam being some notable ones.

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