Check out Bagha jatin biography, profile, birthday, family, wiki and some lesser known facts about his contribution to Indian freedom struggle
Bagha jatin biography
- Name- Bagha jatin
- Real name- Jatindranath Mukherjee
- Known for- Contribution to Indian freedom struggle
- Organizations- Jugantar, Anushilan samiti
- Important dates
- Birthday- 7 December 1879
- Obit day- 10 September 1915
- Important places
- Place of birth- Kushtia, Bengal Presidency (British India)
- Obit place- Balasore, Bengal Presidency (British India)
- Institutions- Krishnanagar Anglo-vernacular School, Calcutta Central College (now known as Khudiram Bose College)
- Educational qualifications- Fine arts
- Father- Umeshchandra Mukherjee
- Mother- Sharatshashi Mukherjee
- Siblings- NA
- Spouse- Indubala Banerjee
- Children-Atindra, Ashalata , Tejendra , Birendra
Lesser known facts
- Jatindranath mukherjee went through his father’s death when he was only five years old.
- His mother Sharatshahshi mukherjee was a very gifted poet. When Jatin was a kid, she was very affectionate and stern at the same time. She used the opportunity to teach her children about the works of thinkers like Bankimchandra Chatterjee & Yogendra Vidyabhushan.
- As he grew older, jatin gained a reputation for bravery and strength. He was also very kind and charitable in nature. As a child, he was also very fond of enacting mythological plays.
- As he grew up, he started visiting Swami Vivekananda. He was heavily influenced by the social thought of Swami Vivekananda and the vision of an independent India. He believed that this independence was necessary for the spiritual progress in humanity.
- Bagha Jatin did not like the colonial education system. As a result, he left his studies and started working as the secretary of barrister Pringle Kennedy.
- As a father, the death of his son Atindra struck him hard and he along with his wife and sister, went for a pilgrimage. He was able to recover his inner peace when he received his initiation from saint Bholanand Giri of Hardwar.
- When he returned from his pilgrimage to his native village in 1906, Jatindranath das learned about the presence of a leopard in the village. When he came across the Bengal tiger, he ended up fighting hand to hand with it. Although, he got injured badly, he was able to hit the tiger in the nech with a Khukuri and killed it. Government of Bengal actually awarded him a silver shield which showed the moment of him killing the tiger. This was when the title ‘Bagha’, was added to his name and he came to be known as Bagha Jatin.
- In 1908 Bagha jatin got involved in a scuffle with English military officers at Siliguri railway station. This fight led to legal proceedings which was covered by the press widely. In fact, when british authorities saw that the case has generated a lot of happiness amongst the masses by the news of Englishmen being beaten up by an Indian single-handed, the officers were advised to withdraw the case.
- Bagha Jatin was arrested in connection with the Howrah-Sibpur conspiracy case which was also known as the Howrah Gang Case. But they were not convicted due of lack of proper evidence. This was because he always focused on loose decentralized set up.
- When the German Crown Prince visited Calcutta, he met him and was able to get a promise on getting arms for Indian freedom struggle. Post this, he also managed to leave Calcutta and started a contracting business. This business gave him a chance to travel and consolidate/organize the district revolutionary units in Bengal. In fact, Rash behari Bose also joined him in his efforts.
- When the members of Ghadar Party left for India for the planned Ghadar mutiny during World War I, they were counting on the help of arms and ammunition which was promised by German government. This was directly connected with Jugantar which was under Bagha jatin’s leadership. In fact, Jugantar as an organization had already started collecting funds through a series of armed robberies which were also called “Taxicab dacoities” & “Boat dacoities”.
- When the revolutionaries were waiting for the arms to arrive from Germany, the information actually reached the British authorities. They informed the police about the zone where these arms were supposed to reach and the police sealed off the sea.
- British police god whiff of the place where Bagha Jatin was hiding waiting for the ammunition. They surrounded the place and a gunfight started between two parties. This gunfight lasted for seventy-five minutes. The fight ended with a number of casualties on both sides.Indian freedom struggle lost its son Chittapriya Ray Chaudhuri in the fight. Bagha jatin was seriously wounded. He later passed away in a Balasore hospital.
- There is a locality called Baghajatin in Kolkata which has been named after him.