Important events from Indian history that happened on 22 March – Birthdays, Death anniversaries and other events which affected India’s future
22 March – Birthdays
- Birth anniversary of Indian archaeologist Ghulam Yazdani- he was instrumental in the conservation and restoration of some of the most iconic archaeological sites in India including the Ajanta Caves, Bidar Fort and Daulatabad. He was awarded the Padma Bhushan Award by Indian government in 1959 for his contribution.
- Birth anniversary of Indian Revolutionary Surya Sen who contributed immensely to the Indian freedom struggle. He is popularly well known for leading the Chittagong armoury raid which led to a very violent response from the British government. Although he managed to evade the police for more than 2 years he was ultimately arrested, tortured and killed by the British government. Movies like ‘Khelein Hum Jee Jaan Sey’ and ‘Chittagong’ are based on his life.
22 March – Death anniversaries
- Death anniversary of Indian philosopher UG Krishnamurti
- Death anniversary of Kannada fiction writer Yashwant vithoba Chittal- Although he was a chemical engineer and a gold medalist, he had a lot of interest in literature and his short stories were extremely popular. He also won the Sahitya Academy Award for his contribution to Indian literature.
22 March – Important events
- When Nader Shah attacked Delhi in 1739, he defeated the mughal armies in the battle of Karnal. After defeating the Mughal emperor Mohammad Shah his armies marched into Delhi. Over the course of one day on 22nd March Nader Shah’s army plundered the city and led to the death of so many people that Mohammad Shah had to beg for Mercy. Although Nader Shah agreed, the Mughal emperor had to handover the keys for the royal treasury to stop the plunder. This was the time when India lost some of its Most iconic jewels including the Peacock Throne and Kohinoor.
- On 22nd March 1957 Indian government adopted the Saka Era calendar with Chaitra as its first month along with the Gregorian calendar for official purposes.