Beginning of an era of Macaulayism
The English education Act, a legislative act presented by the council of India on 2 February, 1835 mandated the East India Company to reallocate funds spent on Education for promotion of English literature and education among Indians. Thomas Babington Macaulay who was instrumental in introducing English as the medium of education in India considered the native education in Hindi, Urdu and Sanskrit as inferior.
Macaulayism is termed as the conscious policy of liquidating indigenous culture by introducing a planned substitution of an alien culture of the colonizing power over its colony through a revamp of the education system.
Birth of writer Khushwant Singh
Khushwant Singh was born as Kushal Singh in Hadali, Punjab which is now in Pakistan. He was a famous Indian novelist, politician, lawyer and journalist. Born on 2 February, Singh was a Law student at St. Stephen’s College, Delhi and later at King’s College London. He worked as lawyer in Lahore Court for eight years and joined Indian Foreign Service (IFS) upon India’s independence from British Empire in 1947. He later moved to the role of a journalist at All India Radio (AIR) in 1951. His motivation to pursue literary career came during his stints with AIR and Department of Mass Communications of UNESCO, Paris.
As a writer, he was known for his humor, sarcasm, wit and penchant love for poetry. He served as the editor of numerous literary magazines and newspapers through 1970s and 1980s. He was also nominated as Member of Parliament in Rajya Sabha, the upper house from 1980 to 1986. The novelist was later conferred upon Padma Bhushan in 1974 and Padma Vibhushan (2007).
Singh died at the age of 99 due to natural causes at his Delhi residence on 20th March, 2014.
Start of New establishments
- Press trust of India (PTI) was established on 2 February, 1949.
- 1953 All India Khadi and Village Industries Board started its operations in New Delhi in 1953