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10 Nov- When East India Company got rights over Calcutta for Rs 1300/year

When the Britishers were looking to expand from the trading town of Hooghly, they moved downstream to three villages – Kolikata, Sutanuti and Gobindapur. They started a factory at Sutanuti on August 24, 1690, which is widely accepted as the day modern Calcutta was founded.

A perspective view of Ford William in 1760_mythicalindia
A perspective view of Ford William in 1760

The site was selected very carefully with protection on west by Hooghly River, a creek in north, and salt lakes in east. The three villages of were part of a khas mahal or imperial jagir or an estate belonging to the Mughal emperor himself, whose jagirdari rights were held by the Sabarna Roy Choudhury family.

Calcutta in 1690_mythicalindia
Kolkata in 1690

The Roy Choudhury family had to transfer their rights in 1698, to East India Company against their wish at the behest of Mughals. This set the growth of Kolakata in motion which later replaced Murshidabad, the capital city of Bengal.

Siraj ud-Daulah, the Nawab of Bengal, was concerned with enhanced fortifications of Kolkata and decided to attack Kolkata. After capturing Kolkata, Siraj ud-Daula named it Alinagar, after his grandfather Alivardi Khan. The name of Kolkata was restored in 1758, after the British regained control.

Fort william calcutta_Mythicalindia_opt
Fort william calcutta

Drokpas from Ladakh – The ancient Aryan tribe who could be true Indians

10 Nov- the battle of Pratapgarh when shivaji killed Afzal Khan