Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose, commonly known as Netaji, was an Indian nationalist who sacrificed his whole life to attain “Poorna Swaraj” for India. He was an eminent leader of Indian National Congress and became general secretary in 1927. Later, he was elected as president in 1938 and 1939 and this was the instance when ideological differences between him and Gandhi surfaced.
Deprived of love and personal attention that Subhash craved for
Born in a Kayastha family, Bose was the Ninth child in the family with 14 children. They were 8 brothers and 6 sisters. In addition, some distant uncles and other relatives also resided there. Due to this Bose always craved for more love and individual attention from his parents. He was an introvert in his childhood.
In his teenage, he was exposed to the literature and teachings of Swami Vivekananda and Ramakrishna Paramhansa, which led to his spiritual awakening. The acquired knowledge gave his life a new meaning. Subhash Chandra Bose practiced whatever was preached by Ramakrishna, for e.g. renounce lust and gold.
Netaji was sharp in studies since his childhood. His earlier education in an Anglo Indian missionary school gave him an edge over others in terms of command over English language. He was in awe of his headmaster “Beni Madhav” who inspired him to love nature and be ethical. Subash came 2nd in his matriculation exams and did his Bachelor of Arts in Philosophy. Despite his halfhearted efforts, he secured 2nd position at University level.
Netaji joined Presidency College after matriculation, as it was one of the most reputed colleges of India. But, its students had bad reputation due to involvement in freedom struggle activities. Its hostel was looked upon as hot bed for sedition and frequented by Kolkata police for the search of premises.
Just as every father wants his child to be an Engineer or an MBA, Netaji’s father had a dream for him. He wanted his son to appear for the ICS exams through which he could a Grade “A” officer, which was a prestigious position.
The life changing impact of Jaliawala Bagh massacre on Subhash Chandra Bose
The Jaliawala Bagh massacre was too gruesome for Indians to handle. The mass genocide under the direction of General Dyer stunned the entire nation. Netaji was deeply disturbed and wanted to be a part of the Non-Cooperation movement. In addition, the supportive attitude of the British public towards General Reginald Dyer fuelled his desire to quit his job and work for his country.
Subhash Chandra Bose’s selfless image and patriotism made him a leader of masses. His popularity surged and he was elected the mayor of Calcutta in 1930. He was a top leader of Indian National Congress but a difference in ideology led him to leave Congress and form Forward Bloc. Senior leader in Congress saw him as a potential threat to their ideology, which they had been preaching all along.
Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose settled for Axis countries as allies instead of Soviet Union for instituting Indian National Army (INA)
Netaji was always in favor of an armed rebellion against the British. He had faith in the ideology that “The enemy of my enemy is my friend”. Approaching Soviet Union for help first was part of that belief. He met Soviet Union leaders for help. However, their inappropriate response left him no option but to look for other avenues.
Mysteries surrounding Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose death
Certain aspects of his life like his marriage to Emilie Schenkl and their having a child are still disputed. It is said that Schenkl was a stenographer who was helping Bose on a book when they started dating. They had a daughter who currently resides in Germany.
Bose penned his autobiography by the title “The Indian Pilgrim” which he started writing in 1937 remains unfinished. This autobiography, which has description of his life until 1921, can be downloaded from http://www.subhaschandrabose.org/download/type/1/name/an_indian_pilgrim.pdf